=>"Spare the rod and spile the child." 不打不成器
=> Old Scratch: is a folk name for The Devil in the local legends of New England and pre-Civil War America.
=> conscience 良心; 是非感
＊ Mark Twain
=> pseudonym => pseudo = false
=> Astrology is a pseudoscience.
=> astronomy 天文學 <=> astrology 占星術
＊ collage: made from an assemblage of different forms, thus creating a new whole.
＊ Kate Chopin => 將兩方階級有別的作家介紹給對方認識
=> short stories => The Story of an Hour: "Free! Body and soul free!"
=> The Storm
=> novels => The Awakening => 引起爭議
＊ Uncle Tom's Cabin 黑奴籲天錄 (Harriet Beecher Stowe)
＊ Naturalism: Émile Zola
=> determine 注定: one's heredity and social environment largely determine one's character.
=> Charles Darwin's theory of evolution
=> human vice and misery